Sundowning is a term used for the changes in behaviour that occur in the evening, around dusk. Some people who have been diagnosed with dementia experience a growing sense of agitation or anxiety at this time.

What can be done to help people with dementia?
  • Stick to a routine: Dementia can make it hard to develop and remember new routines. Try and stick to the same schedule every day. If this is not possible try to adjust the routine gradually to minimise feelings of stress and confusion.
  • Keep active: Day time naps and inactivity can make it harder to sleep at night. If possible, go out for a walk. The natural light will help regulate the body’s natural rhythm and the exercise will help with sleep.
  • Monitor eating and drinking habits – Limit the amount of caffeine and alcohol a person has throughout the day. Having a light meal in the evening can also help the person to sleep better.
  • Ease into night-time: Close the curtains and turn the lights on before dusk begins. This will ease the transition into night-time.

More information  on Sundowning can be found here